Alkane/alkene separation by silver-containing molecular sieves
Many chemicals and polymers relies on the production of ethene and propene that exceeded 200 million tons in 2015, mostly produced by steam cracking of light paraffins. The separation of ethene and propene from other hydrocarbons is actually carried out by the cryogenic distillation. The high energy demand of this technology makes desirable the development of new processes, being the zeolites based separation the most promising. This alternative route takes advantage of the molecular sieving properties of zeolites and the possibility of tuning their polarity.
One approach to adjust the polar character of silicoaluminate zeolites is by the presence of cations in the voids channels and cavities. Here,we study the interaction of alkenes (ethene and propene) adsorbed on Ag-zeolites with different Si/Al ratio and silver loading. We follow a multidisciplinary approach combining INS spectroscopy with theoretical calculations, solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and X-ray absorption (XAS) studies for understanding the mechanism of alkene-zeolite interaction in cation containing zeolites. The information is of high interest for developing new processes decreasing the energy consumption in the actual separation processes, which is of great industrial interest what has motivated the collaboration of CEPSA in the project.